Most popular routes to Canada
There an myriad ways to become a Canadian permanent residency, among which the most popular for emigration from the UK are:
- Skilled Professional & Trades Worker
- Provincial nominations
- Family sponsorship
- Residency by Investment
- Work & Study permits
- Employer sponsorship
Permanent residency by way of your existing skill set can open the door to secure employment in Canada.
The process begins with a rudimentary points-based test, which determines basic eligibility. A person's record of prior learning and previous employment is scrutinised, along with age, character and other factors, each of which influences the outcome of the case. We also check that our client's skills are in demand, as indicated by a list which changes regularly as Canada reaches it's annual quotas for each skill set.
In getting to grips with this process, it is critical to understand that the Express Entry program -- the system through which all skilled worker applicants are processed -- presents itself as an objective, standardised system.
Yet it is important to know from the outset that it is a carefully crafted machine, run by immigration officials, whose job is to maintain and defend Canada's borders and sovereignty. These are border guards, not a neighbourhood welcoming committee.
Successful candidates understand that the Canadian application process is complex, and designed to select the candidates that are best for Canada -- not what may be best for the individual applicant. Getting 67 points on an eligibility calculator does not guarantee a visa.
Well-polished applications are more likely to be successful, whereas poorly crafted applications may fail for reasons that have little to do with the applicant, and everything to do with the application.
Accordingly, candidates must prepare the best possible case to secure the maximum points available: securing the minimum points for eligibility is simply not enough. Demand for these visas is high, and only the most effective cases are selected for visa invitations.
Many cases are won or lost on the basis of how evidence is presented. That means that two candidates with equal UK qualifications and skills will appear differently to immigration officials depending on the preparation of their case and how relevant items are highlighted (or omitted).
Provincial nomination visas allow a person to live and work within a certain province on arrival in Canada.
Each province in Canada operates like an independent country when building emigration policy to meet their local emigration needs. Each has a unique set of rules and criteria, though applicants must in turn be approved at the federal level for entry into the country.
Each provinces' rules and criteria change from time to time, and they are subject to caps on the number of visas they issue in any given year.
The fractured and varied rules at this level of Canadian government makes Canadian emigration law among the most complex in the world, but it also offers a similarly diverse range of opportunity for candidates. These programs can be an effective way to live and work in Canada if other routes are closed for you.
In 2015 Canadian Immigration introduced the Express Entry System, which was based loosely on the successful Australian immigration model. The Express Entry system allows a person to present themselves to Canadian immigration authorities and allows the authorities to choose candidates with skills in demand basis, as opposed to a first-in, first-out priority basis.
Given the detailed review of a person's skills, experience and character it is extremely important in these cases to prepare all documentary evidence correctly to maximise the potential of selection. To be selected from a large pool of talent, a candidate has to stand out among their fellow professionals in the pool from across the globe.
For a case to stand out effectively takes effort, skills and understanding of the rules and the selection process. Canada will invite those applicants with the most impressive applications to apply for permanent residency visas. It is worth mentioning again that this is a very competitive market place for skilled workers, and simply meeting the minimum points requirement is not enough to secure an invitation.
Canada actively seeks applications from experienced business professionals who can make a significant contribution to its economy.
There are various different types of business and investor visas, which vary from province to province.
Migration of a business, or starting a new venture as an entrepreneur, requires meeting minimum investment requirements, new business proposals, often including plans to hire Canadian residents within the first two years. These are complicated applications, and you may wish to secure professional advice before launching that effort.
By contrast, those with a net worth exceeding CAD $2 million may wish to consider the more straightforward Quebec investor's programme
. For comparable cost, applicants secure permanent residency typically in about two years.
There are options for Canadian residents to sponsor close family however, these visas are limited.
Spouse and Partnership sponsorhips
are a common sense and popular rotue to emigration, if your partner is Canadian! But couples who might be eligible are to be warned: this route is a magnet for fraud, so must be approached carefully by legitimate applicants. And give yourself plenty of time, as you may be in for a long wait -- although wait times have been dramatically reduced from several years to 12 months or less.
Once you're in Canada, consider bringing other family along with you: Canadian permanent residents and citizens are eligible to apply for permanent residency for their parents and grandparents
For more distant family members
, the legal criteria are extremely restrictive.
Our legal team can provide a complete assessment of your options.