EMIGRATE TO VICTORIA AUSTRALIA

Emigrate to Victoria Australia

How To Emigrate To Victoria Australia

Victoria is often overshadowed by its neighbour New South Wales but anyone who has lived in Australia will recognise that Melbourne is in a league of its own.  While it has a more European climate and benefits from distinctive seasons it still has amazing resources.  The State of Victoria has also produced some of the finest medicare,education and business-friendly environments in the world. 

People from Victoria enjoy what is considered the highest standard of living in the world.  Here are the current Victoria state skills in demand list followed by links to pages on other state-led visa classes for investment,retirement,family links and more.  If you can not find what you are looking or want to emigrate,contact us for further help.

General skilled nomination questions

There is no charge to apply for state nomination.

What is a State Migration Plan?

The Victorian Government has a formal agreement with the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP),concerning the state nomination of skilled migrants to Victoria under the Skilled Nominated (190) visa and Skilled Regional (489) visa. This agreement is called the State Migration Plan.

What are the conditions of Victorian Government state nomination?

Applicants nominated by the Victorian Government agree to live and work in the state of Victoria for a period of two years and must advise the Skilled and Business Migration Program of their contact details prior to arriving in Victoria as well as after arriving for the period of two years.  Applicants are required to complete an email survey upon arrival and at six monthly intervals for the two years after arrival. 

When does the two-year commitment to Victoria for nomination begin?

The commitment commences on the date that you arrive in Victoria to live permanently in your permanent residence (PR) visa.  For skilled onshore applicants,the commitment begins at the time of visa grant.

Where in Victoria does a state nominate visa to allow me to live?

The Skilled Nominated (190) visa is a permanent visa allowing you to live and work anywhere in the state of Victoria,including Melbourne. 

The Skilled Regional (489) visa is a provisional three-year visa during which you must live and work in regional Victoria (this does not include Melbourne) to meet the criteria for the second stage permanent residency visa.

What are your processing times?

The current processing time is approximately 12 weeks from receipt of a completed application.  Periods,where applicant information is outstanding,

is not included in this estimation. Processing times vary between occupations,dependent upon assessment procedures. 

How long is Victora state nomination valid?

If your nomination application is successful you will have four months to confirm you wish to accept state nomination and lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect

If you have registered your EOI on SkillSelect and you are nominated by the Victorian Government,you will automatically receive an invitation to apply for your visa from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP),subject to occupation ceilings. You should inform the Victorian Government when you make your visa application to the Department of Immigration and Border Protection.

How much money do I need to migrate to Victoria?

The amount of money you will need to bring with you to migrate to Victoria will depend on your individual circumstances and the type of visa you apply for. As part of the application for Victorian Government nomination,you will be required to provide a realistic estimate of the total funds you have available for migration purposes. 

We do not require evidence of the resources at the time of application,however,this may be requested from you at any time during the Victoria state nomination commitment.  We expect that applicants will answer the question completely and accurately and failure to do so may result in an unsuccessful application.  Failure to completely and accurately answer this question is a common reason for refusal of state nomination applications.  Applications completed incorrectly will not be given consideration.

We strongly encourage you to research the cost of living in Victoria to ensure that you have adequate funds to support your settlement. Find out more about the cost of living in Victoria.

What is the English language requirement?

To be eligible for Victorian Government state nomination,applicants are required to have at least 'competent' English,which means a score of at least six in each band level for an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) assessment or equivalent score if providing an alternative English language assessment. Eligibility requirements for some occupations may include a higher standard of English.  This is indicated on the State Nomination Occupation Lists for Victoria.  The Victorian Government does not participate in the English language concession.  

Is an English language test required as part of my nomination application?

All applicants must provide a copy of their English language test at the time of application unless they are passport holders and citizens of the United Kingdom,Canada,New Zealand,United States of America,or the Republic of Ireland.    

A General or Academic IELTS result will be accepted however the score requirement for nomination is the same for each. 

Note that certain occupations require a higher standard of English for the purpose of state nomination.

Does the Victorian Government accept English language tests other than IELTS?

Yes,the Victorian Government will accept all English language tests that may be used for a Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) visa application.  These include IELTS,OET,TOEFL iBT, and PTE Academic and Cambridge English:Advanced (CAE).  If providing an alternative test,the IELTS equivalent must be met.

I am a health practitioner with an Occupational English Test (OET) assessment. Can this be used instead of an IELTS assessment?

If you are a health practitioner,an OET assessment can be used in the place of an IELTS assessment.

Ensure that you attach your OET assessment certificate when completing the application form. 

Are there any situations in which a higher English language requirement may be waived?

All applicants must obtain at least an IELTS six in each band (or equivalent for alternative English language tests),however,applicants who meet the following criteria are not required to meet a higher English language requirement as indicated on the Occupation Lists:

  • applicants who are currently working in their nominated occupation in Victoria and have done so for more than six months 
  • applicants applying under the 457 streamlined pathway  
  • applicants applying with a PhD.

Does Victoria have any ‘off-list nominations’ available?

The Victorian Government has already incorporated any extra nominations allocated from the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) into the occupation lists.  Therefore to be eligible for state nomination you must have an occupation on the State Nomination Occupation Lists.  Note that applicants with a PhD from a Victorian University may nominate any occupation on the Department of Immigration and Border Protection’s Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List (CSOL).

My occupation is not on the Occupation Lists,will it be added?

Unfortunately,we are unable to advise you if and when your occupation may be added to the Occupation Lists.  Refer to the Occupation Lists page for any updates.

What documents are required as part of my nomination application?

As part of your online application you must attach a/an:

  • detailed resume/CV
  • nomination declaration – available to download in the initial stages of the application
  • an offer of employment and confirmation of employment form – if applicable.  Note,this is mandatory if you are applying for Skilled Regional nomination
  • skill(s) assessment – a matching skills assessment in your occupation is a required document at the time of lodging your state nomination application
  • IELTS or OET assessment (unless you are exempt)
  • an electronic copy of the PhD completion letter (if applicable)
  • an electronic copy of your 457 visa documents (if applicable).

The following documents are not required at the initial time of application,however,they may be requested during the assessment process:

  • trade qualification/certificates.

Must I provide a job offer?

Having a job offer is not always a mandatory requirement of Victorian nomination – it depends on your occupation,the visa and type of nomination you are applying for and your personal circumstances. To find out if you need a job offer,check the minimum eligibility requirements of your nomination type and the relevant Occupation List

What must I provide when claiming an offer of employment?

If you are required to provide an offer of employment,it must be for a minimum of six months and can be part time or full-time work in your nominated occupation. Casual work is not accepted. You should provide a copy of your offer letter or contract and this must display the company details,including the Australian Business Number (ABN).  You must also provide a Confirmation of Employment Form (this is available to download in the initial stages of the online application).

Skilled Nominated (190) visa questions

Am I eligible to apply for nomination for the Skilled Nominated (190) visa?

To be eligible for state nomination you must have an occupation on the Victorian Government Nomination Occupation Lists and meet the occupation-specific requirements stated on the list.  You must also have a minimum of two years work experience (unless otherwise specified) and an IELTS score of a six in each band (unless otherwise specified).

Which occupation list should I refer to?

International Graduates who have recently graduated (within the past two years) from an Australian Education institution should refer to the State Nomination Occupation List for Graduates. All other applicants should refer to the State Nomination Occupation List for Victoria. In addition to the general minimum eligibility requirements,applicants must meet any specific requirements indicated for their nominated occupation.

What are the work requirements?

To be eligible for state nomination you must have a minimum of two years paid work experience in your nominated occupation,after obtaining your qualifications,unless otherwise stated. 

Does the work experience I gained prior to qualification count?

We only count paid work experience 'post-qualification' toward the minimum work experience requirement. You should still include any 'pre-qualification' work experience on your resume for industry assessment purposes.

Can I live in Melbourne on this visa?

The Skilled Nominated (190) visa allows you to live and work anywhere in Victoria including Melbourne.    

Skilled Regional (489) visa questions

Am I eligible for state nomination for a Skilled Regional (489) visa to live in regional Victoria?

To be eligible for Victorian Government state nomination under the Skilled Regional (489) visa you must have an offer of employment in a regional area and in an occupation on the Victorian Government Nomination Occupation List,and meet any other criteria relevant to your nominated occupation.

What areas are considered regional?

These are areas in Victoria outside of metropolitan Melbourne.

Can I live/work in Melbourne (a metropolitan area) for the Skilled Regional (489) visa? 

No,you must live and work in regional Victoria,which does not include Melbourne.

Can I live in New South Wales (NSW) if it borders on Victoria for the Skilled Regional (489) visa?

A location such as Albury Wodonga is accepted as it is on both sides of the border.  For all other queries contact the Skilled and Business Migration Program

Can my spouse live/work in Melbourne?

No,if they have a dependent regional visa they must also live and work in regional Victoria. 

Can my children go to school in Melbourne?

No,if they have a dependent regional visa they must go to school in regional Victoria.

Victoria is often overshadowed by its neighbour New South Wales but anyone who has lived in Australia will recognise that Melbourne is in a league of its own.  While it has a more European climate and benefits from distinctive seasons it still has amazing resources.  The State of Victoria has also produced some of the finest medicare,education and business-friendly environments in the world. 

People from Victoria state,Australia enjoy what is considered the highest standard of living in the world.  Here are the current Victoria state skills in demand list followed by links to pages on other state-led visa classes for investment,retirement,family links and more.  If you can not find what you are looking or want to emigrate contact us for further help.

Occupations eligible to apply for Victorian state visa nomination

Engineering and Building

ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
312112Building Associate7.0 in each bandTwo years 
233211Civil Engineer7.0 in each bandTwo years 
312211Civil Engineering Draftsperson7.0 in each bandTwo years 
233311Electrical Engineer7.0 in each bandTwo years 
312311Electrical Engineering Draftsperson7.0 in each bandTwo years 
233512Mechanical Engineer7.0 in each bandTwo years 
312511Mechanical Engineering Draftsperson7.0 in each bandTwo years 
233611Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum)7.0 in each bandTwo years 
133513Production Manager (Mining)7.0 in each bandTwo years 
233513Production or Plant Engineer7.0 in each bandTwo years 

Biotechnology and Science

ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
132511Research and Development Manager7.0 in each bandTwo years

Must have experience in the Science industry.

Must have experience in the complete product life cycle.

224112Mathematician6.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have two year’s experience in the Science industry.
234111Agricultural Consultant6.0 in each bandTwo years 
234112Agricultural Scientist6.0 in each bandTwo years 
234211Chemist7.0 in each bandFive yearsHigher education transcripts required.
233914Engineering Technologist7.0 in each bandTwo years 
234411Geologist6.0 in each bandTwo years 
234412Geophysicist6.0 in each bandTwo years 
234599Life Scientists 6.0 in each bandFive years 
234999Natural and Physical Science Professionals 6.0 in each bandFive years 
234914Physicist6.0 in each bandFive years 
224113Statistician6.0 in each bandTwo years
234711Veterinarian7.0 in each bandThree yearsMust be registered with the Veterinary Practitioners Registration Board of Victoria. 

Financial Services and Human Resources Management

ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
132311Human Resource Manager6.0 in each bandFive years 

Information and Communications Technology 

                                                              
ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
135112ICT Project Manager7.0 in each bandThree years
261111ICT Business Analyst7.0 in each bandFive years .
261112 Systems Analyst  7.0 in each bandThree years  
261311 Analyst Programmer 7.0 in each bandThree years 
261312 Developer Programmer 7.0 in each bandThree years 
261313 Software Engineer 7.0 in each bandThree years 
261314 Software Tester7.0 in each bandThree years 
261399 Software and Applications Programmers nec 7.0 in each bandThree years 
262111 Database Administrator 7.0 in each bandThree years 
262112 ICT Security Specialist7.0 in each bandThree years 
263111 Computer Network and Systems Engineer 7.0 in each bandThree years 
Applications in the following specialisations are notcurrently accepted:
- Web Designer
- Help Desk Operator
- Help Desk Manager.
  

Tourism and Hospitality

  
ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
351311Chef6.0 in each bandFive years 
141311Hotel or Motel Manager6.0 in each bandFive yearsMust have experience in a large,international firm and managerial experience.
See the Trades section for information on Hospitality Trades. 

Health

ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirement Minimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
224213 Health Information Manager 7.0 in each band Two years 

Must have a qualification accredited by the Health Information Management Association of Australia.

Higher education transcripts and certificates required.  

254111Midwife7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254411Nurse Practitioner7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254412Registered Nurse (Aged Care)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254413Registered Nurse (Child and Family Health)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.

Must be registered as both a nurse and a midwife.
254414Registered Nurse (Community Health)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254415Registered Nurse (Critical Care and Emergency)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254416Registered Nurse (Developmental Disability)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254417Registered Nurse (Disability and Rehabilitation)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254418Registered Nurse (Medical)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254421Registered Nurse (Medical Practice)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254422Registered Nurse (Mental Health)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254423Registered Nurse (Perioperative)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254424Registered Nurse (Surgical)7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
254499Registered Nurses7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia.
272311Clinical Psychologist7.0 in each band (Academic IELTS only)Two yearsMust have general registration with the Psychology Board of Australia.
251111Dietitian6.0 in each bandTwo years 
252411Occupational Therapist7.0 in each bandTen yearsMust have experience in mental health care. 
252511Physiotherapist7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Physiotherapy Board of Australia.
252611Podiatrist7.0 in each bandTwo yearsMust have registration (or approval in principle) from the Podiatry Board of Australia.
272511Social Worker7.0 in each bandTwo yearsPreferred specialisations:
  • Mental Health Workers
  • Skilled Children and Family Workers
  • Child Protection (must have a minimum of two years statutory child protection practice and Australian Association of Social Workers accreditation).
251214Sonographer7.0 in each bandTwo years 
252712Speech Pathologist6.0 in each bandTwo years
234914 Physicist (Medical only) 7.0 in each band Two years Must have experience in diagnostic imaging or radiation oncology.
251213  Nuclear Medicine Technologist7.0 in each band Two years Must have registration (or approval in principle) from the Medical Radiation Practice Board of Australia. 

Education

   
ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
241111Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) TeacherOverall:7.5
Speaking:8.0
Listening:8.0
Reading:7.0
Writing:7.0
Two yearsMust have ACECQA certification.
134111 Child Care Centre Manager Overall:7.5
Speaking:8.0
Listening:8.0
Reading:7.0
Writing:7.0
 Two yearsMust have ACECQA certification (note that certification focuses on education qualifications not management qualifications).
241213 Primary School Teacher Overall:7.5
Speaking:8.0
Listening:8.0
Reading:7.0
Writing:7.0 
 Two years

Must be registered with the Victorian Institute of Teaching.

Must have experience teaching at least one of the following languages:

  • Chinese
  • Indonesian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • French
  • German
  • Italian
  • Greek
  • Spanish
  • Turkish
  • Arabic
  • Vietnamese.
241411 Secondary School Teacher Overall:7.5
Speaking:8.0
Listening:8.0
Reading:7.0
Writing:7.0 
 Two years

Must be registered with the Victorian Institute of Teaching.

Must specialise in at least one of the following fields: 

  • Mathematics or Physics
  • Technology (Food,Metal,Wood or Auto) 
  • Languages  
  • General science 
  • Special education 
  • Information technology. 
242211 Vocational Education Teacher 7.0 overall,with at least 6.5 in each band.Two years (in vocational teaching)

Must have a teaching qualification and a vocational qualification.

Must specialise in at least one of the following fields: 

  • Horticulture 
  • Arboriculture 
  • Building and design 
  • Dogger and Rigger (Crane Licenses)
  • Electrical Instrumentation 
  • Electrical Supply Industry Transmission,Distribution and Cable Jointing
  • Gas Distribution 
  • Aged Care.
272412 Interpreter 6.0 in each band Two years Must have NAATI “professional” accreditation.

Trades

ANZSCO codeOccupationMinimum IELTS (or equivalent) requirementMinimum work experienceSpecialisations and other requirements
Construction Trades 
334112 Airconditioning and Mechanical Services Plumber  6.0 in each bandFive years  
394111 Cabinetmaker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
334113 Drainer  6.0 in each bandFive years  
334114 Gasfitter  6.0 in each bandFive years  
334115 Roof Plumber  6.0 in each bandFive years  
Engineering Trades 
322311 Metal Fabricator  6.0 in each bandFive years  
322211 Sheetmetal Trades Worker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
322313 Welder (First Class)  6.0 in each bandFive years  
323214 Metal Machinist (First Class)  6.0 in each bandFive years  
Electrical/Electronic/Communications Trades 
342111 Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic 6.0 in each bandFive years  
342211 Electrical Linesworker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
342313 Electronic Equipment Trades Worker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
342413 Telecommunications Linesworker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
342414 Telecommunications Technician  6.0 in each bandFive years  
Hospitality Trades 
351111 Baker  6.0 in each bandFive years  
351411 Cook  6.0 in each bandFive years  
351112 Pastrycook  6.0 in each bandFive years  

More Facts About Victoria Australia To Note Before You Emigrate

Physical features

Victoria occupies the south east corner of the continent between latitudes 34 and 39 south and longitudes 141 and 150 east. It covers 227 600 km2 – about the same area as England,Wales and Scotland;three-fifths of Japan and slightly larger than the US State of Utah.

About 36 percent of Victoria is covered by forest with the major forest belt in the east. The highest peaks are Mt Bogong (1986 m) and Mt Feathertop (1922 m).

Victoria’s 1800 km coastline borders on the Bass Strait,which separates the mainland from Tasmania,and in the west on the Southern Ocean. It’s a generally rugged coastline but includes many wide sandy beaches and three large,almost fully enclosed harbours. Melbourne and Geelong are on the shores of the most important of these harbours,Port Phillip Bay.

The towering peaks of the Dandenongs and Macedon Ranges form a stunning backdrop to the green and fertile valleys where vineyards and orchards abound. Around the ranges,forests of gums and ash are complemented by colourful fields of spring wildflowers. And thunderous waterfalls make gorges come alive in several of the state’s national parks.

Stunning countryside sweeps across the state of Victoria. From craggy cliff faces to crisp white beaches,nearly every type of terrain can be found here.

Extinct volcanos have left scars upon the earth that have formed natural stone sculptures and are equally as stunning as the tumultuous oceans and bluffs around Melbourne’s bays and peninsulas.

Climate

Temperatures vary widely but most of the State falls within the warm,temperate belt of the south-east corner of Australia,characterised by warm and dry summers and cool to mild,wet,winters.

Daily summer temperatures range from 14 to 23 C in the coastal areas,11 to 20 C in the mountains and 16 to 31 C inland. In winter,temperatures range from 7 C to 14 C in coastal areas,0 C to 5 C in the mountains and 5 C to 16 C inland. Snow settles on the Australian Alps in the north-east of Victoria from June to September.

Rainfall is heaviest in the eastern highlands,in Gippsland in the east of the State and in the Otway Ranges in western Victoria. Some areas receive annual rainfalls of more than 1000 mm. Lowest falls are in the Mallee region,where the average is 327 mm. Melbourne’s average rainfall is about 660 mm a year.

Victoria was the first Australian Colony to have its own flag

In 1865,under the Colonial Naval Defence Act,passed by the Imperial Parliament,the Australian Colonies were empowered to provide,maintain and use vessels of war. A requirement,therefore,arose for each colony to have its own distinctive flag.

History of the flag

A dispatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies,in December 1865,required that all colonial vessels of war wear a Blue Ensign with the seal or badge of the Colony in the fly and a Blue Pennant. On the 4th February 1870,a proclamation by the Governor directed that the badge of the Colony of Victoria be of the following design – “five white stars,representing the constellation of the Southern Cross.”

On the 10th February 1870,The Argus newspaper reported the first flying of the Victorian Flag

“An event of some importance in the history of the Colony – the inauguration of the flag which has been adopted as our national ensign – took place on board H.M.V.S. “Nelson” (Victoria’s first colonial warship) yesterday,and the inaugural ceremony was made the occasion of a very pleasant trip down the bay…”

The design of the Flag of the Colony of Victoria was revised by a proclamation issued on the 12th November,1877 by His Excellency Sir George Ferguson-Bowen,K.C.M.G.,Governor and Commander-in Chief in and over the Colony of Victoria and its dependencies – “I,the Governor of Victoria,do hereby direct that all vessels belonging to,or permanently in the service of the Government of Victoria,shall wear the Blue Ensign,having in the centre of the fly thereof the distinctive badge of the Colony,viz – ‘five white stars,representing the constellation of the Southern Cross,surmounted by an Imperial Crown”.”

Following the accession of Edward VII the Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria,the Honorable Sir John Madden,K.C.M.G.,informed the Secretary of State for the Colonies on 19th September,1901,that henceforth in referring to Victoria,the word “State” would be used in place of the word “Colony”,and that in the design of the State Flag,the crown would take the form of the St. Edward’s Crown. (For a discussion on the styles of Royal Crowns,see the page on the Armorial Ensign.)

Since this date,the design for the State Flag has not been changed.

Proclaimed 12th November 1877,Government Gazette No. 119,dated 30th November 1877 and amended by Despatch No. 56,19th September 1901.

Victoria’s Aboriginal history and culture is an important part of the State’s cultural identity. Aboriginal people have occupied Victoria for thousands of years and continue today as a proud and living culture. The Victorian Aboriginal community is made up of a number of distinct communities across the State based on location,language and cultural groups and extended family. Most regional communities are based on traditional associations with the land that significantly predate the European colonisation of Victoria.

Discovery of Gold

The word that gold had been discovered in Victoria in 1851,travelled across the world quickly. As letters and rumours circulated throughout the world,huge numbers of men started for Australia eager to make their fortune. Before the rush,it had been difficult to attract immigrants to Victoria,but now the price for single men was raised by one pound in an effort to get more women and family men to come to Australia. By the end of 1851 over 30,0 immigrants had arrived. They came from Britain,Europe,America and China.

Between 1851 and 1861,Victoria grew from a new colony of 76 0 people to the largest and most prosperous with 540 0 people – 45 percent of the Australian population. At the end of the decade,Chinese people made up eight percent of Victoria’s population and formed over 20 percent of the goldfields population.

As a result of the gold rush,Melbourne became the financial centre of Australia and New Zealand. Between 1901 and 1927,Melbourne was the capital of Australia while Canberra was under construction. It was also the largest city in Australia at the time.

The colony and state of Victoria provided the impetus for the Commonwealth of Australia and the basic institutions of national life. The pastoral wealth of Victoria,then the gold rush,the mercantile enterprises that followed created a society of remarkable capacity….The rapid advances of democracy made us a social laboratory. Victoria and Melbourne were the vanguards of the nation.” (Professor Stuart Macintyre,Inaugural Chair of the History Council)

The estimated population of Victoria at September 30,2016,was 6,100,900 people  This represents an increase of 2.1% (127,500 people) since the previous year. Victoria had the greatest population growth of all the Australian states and territories in this period. In 2015,there were 4.53 million people living in Greater Melbourne,accounting for 76% of Victoria’s population.

Between 2010 and 2015,the population of Greater Melbourne increased by 423,600,which was 89% of Victoria’s total growth. In June 2015,the median age of Victoria’s population was 37.3 years,meaning that half the population were younger and half were older than this age.

Females in Victoria continued to have a higher median age (38.3 years) than males (36.3),reflecting their longer life expectancy. The Victorian median age was similar to that of Australia overall (37.4).

Birthplace

Less than 1 percent of the resident population are indigenous and more than 25 percent were born overseas. The majority of overseas-born residents in Victoria began life in Europe (12.5%) and then followed by Asia. English was the only language spoken at home by 78% of the population. The three most common languages spoken at home other than English in the 2001 Census were:Italian:3.2%, Greek:2.7% and Chinese languages:2.5%

The cabinet is the principal decision-making body of the Government. It consists of all Ministers of the Crown and the Cabinet Secretary. The Premier,as the leader of the Government,is the Chairperson of Cabinet. The cabinet is a formal meeting of Ministers but has no legal powers or status. For example,there is no reference to Cabinet contained within Victoria’s Constitution. Its decisions have no formal force until they are either put into effect by its individual members as Ministers or until they are endorsed by the Governor in Council or until legislative proposals are enacted by Parliament. However,by virtue of the authority that Members of Parliament accord to Cabinet,it is the vehicle through which the decisions of the Executive are determined.

Cabinet considers all important questions of policy and administration and the Government’s legislative program. Cabinet decisions are collective decisions and are binding on all Ministers as government policy. Collective responsibility is supported by the strict confidentiality attached to Cabinet documents and to discussions in the Cabinet Room. Cabinet and Cabinet Committees are forums in which Ministers while working towards a collective position,are able to discuss proposals and a variety of options and views with complete freedom. The openness and frankness of discussions in the Cabinet Room are protected by the strict observance of confidentiality.

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